Emits full transaction objects or hashes that are sent to the network, marked as "pending", based on provided filters.

The alchemy_pendingTransactions subscription type subscribes to pending transactions via WebSockets, and filters those transactions based on specified from and/or to addresses. The subscription will return either full transaction objects or just transaction hashes depending on the request. It will also optionally include re-orged or removed transactions if specified.

Supported Networks

NetworkEthereumPolygonzkSync EraOptimismArbitrumAstar


A maximum of 1000 addresses can be added in the addresses filter for alchemy_pendingTransactions.


  • fromAddress (optional): string or [array of strings]
    • Singular address or array of addresses to receive pending transactions sent from this address.
  • toAddress (optional): string or [array of strings]
    • Singular address or array of addresses to receive pending transactions to this address
  • hashesOnly (optional): boolean default value is false, where the response matches the payload of eth_getTransactionByHash . If set to true, the payload returned contains only the hashes of the transactions that are added to the pending state, which matches the payload of newPendingTransactions


Note: Parameter Specification

  1. There is an address limit of 1k unique addresses (combination of fromAddress and toAddress lists)
  2. Excluding all parameters returns the transaction information for all transactions that are added to the pending state.
  3. If fromAddress and toAddress are both
    present, then this subscription will include transactions sent from the fromAddress OR received by the toAddress.


With hashesOnly = true

  • result: [string] - transaction hash for pending transaction
  • subscription: [string] - subscription ID

With hashesOnly = false

  • result - [object] A transaction object:
    • blockHash: DATA, 32 Bytes - null when it's pending.
    • blockNumber: QUANTITY - null when it's pending.
    • from: DATA, 20 Bytes - address of the sender.
    • gas: QUANTITY - gas provided by the sender.
    • gasPrice: QUANTITY - gas price provided by the sender in Wei.
    • hash: DATA, 32 Bytes - hash of the transaction.
    • input: DATA - the data send along with the transaction.
    • nonce: QUANTITY - the number of transactions made by the sender prior to this one.
    • to: DATA, 20 Bytes - address of the receiver. null when it's a contract creation transaction.
    • transactionIndex: QUANTITY - null when its pending.
    • value: QUANTITY - value transferred in Wei.
    • v: QUANTITY - ECDSA recovery id
    • r: DATA, 32 Bytes - ECDSA signature r
    • s: DATA, 32 Bytes - ECDSA signature s
  • subscription - [string] subscription ID


// initiate websocket stream first
wscat -c wss://

// then call subscription 
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","id": 2, "method": "eth_subscribe", "params": ["alchemy_pendingTransactions", {"toAddress": ["0xA0b86991c6218b36c1d19D4a2e9Eb0cE3606eB48", "0xdAC17F958D2ee523a2206206994597C13D831ec7"], "hashesOnly": false}]}
// Installation: npm install alchemy-sdk
import { Alchemy, Network, AlchemySubscription } from "alchemy-sdk";

const settings = {
  apiKey: "<-- ALCHEMY APP API KEY -->", // Replace with your Alchemy API Key
  network: Network.ETH_MAINNET, // Replace with your network

const alchemy = new Alchemy(settings);

// Subscription for Alchemy's pendingTransactions API
    method: AlchemySubscription.PENDING_TRANSACTIONS,
    fromAddress: "0xA0b86991c6218b36c1d19D4a2e9Eb0cE3606eB48", // Replace with address to recieve pending transactions from this address
    toAddress: "0xdAC17F958D2ee523a2206206994597C13D831ec7", // Replace with address to send  pending transactions to this address
  (tx) => console.log(tx)



  "jsonrpc": "2.0",
  "method": "eth_subscription",
  "params": {
    "result": {
      "blockHash": null,
      "blockNumber": null,
      "from": "0x098bdcdc84ab11a57b7c156557dca8cef853523d",
      "gas": "0x1284a",
      "gasPrice": "0x6fc23ac00",
      "hash": "0x10466101bd8979f3dcba18eb72155be87bdcd4962527d97c84ad93fc4ad5d461",
      "input": "0xa9059cbb00000000000000000000000054406f1ec84f89532f83768f3f159b73b237257f0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000001c9c380",
      "nonce": "0x11",
      "to": "0xdac17f958d2ee523a2206206994597c13d831ec7",
      "transactionIndex": null,
      "value": "0x0",
      "type": "0x0",
      "v": "0x26",
      "r": "0x93ddd646056f365352f7e53dfe5dc81bde53f5b7c7bbe5deea555a62540d6995",
      "s": "0x79ed82a681930feb11eb68feccd1df2e53e1b96cf9171ae4ffcf53e9b2a40e8e"
    "subscription": "0xf13f7073ddef66a8c1b0c9c9f0e543c3"